среда, 16 марта 2011 г.

Чернобыль откроют для туристов!


       Решение МЧС Украины сделать открытой Чернобыльскую зону не только для журналистов и научных работников, но и для туристов принято в связи с повышенным интересом к ЧАЭС в канун 25-й годовщины со дня аварии и проведения в Украине "Евро-2012". На основе картограмм радиационного загрязнения зоны сформированы маршруты и наработаны правила поведения, соблюдение которых позволит минимизировать любой риск для здоровья. Ведь в зоне остаются загрязненные пятна, на которые нужно обратить внимание при планировании туристических выездов. Уровень загрязнения на этих пятнах может быть критическим! К примеру, на участке зоны, известном как "рыжий лес", дозиметр может показывать уровень радиации в 200-300 раз выше безопасного. Специалисты не рекомендуют находиться более суток и в десятикилометровой зоне от ЧАЭС.
       Следовательно, и через 25 лет после аварии, которая потрясла мир 26 апреля 1986 года, Чернобыльская атомная станция остается символом атомной опасности.


"Зараженная" радиацией техника в "зоне".

Фотокорреспонденты Украинского национального информационного агентства УКРИНФОРМ (бывшего РАТАУ) в те трагические дни задокументировали события самой большой за историю ядерной энергетики катастрофы как по количеству погибших и потерпевших от ее последствий людей, так и по экономическим убыткам. Из общего обращения изъято около 5 млн. гектаров земли (30-километровая зона отчуждения, которая имеет особенный юридический статус). Из района Чернобыля было эвакуировано 175 тысяч людей. Радиоактивному влиянию были подвержены около 600 тысяч человек, в первую очередь, ликвидаторы катастрофы - пожарные, военные, специалисты, которые занимались тушением пожара и последующей дезактивацией местности. Около 150 тысяч людей, пострадавших от последствий аварии, нуждаются в усиленном медицинском внимании, и среди них около 60 тысяч детей. Влиянию радиации были подвержены десятки тысяч гектаров лесов, реки Припять, Десна и частично Днепр.

 Chornobyl accident. 30-kilometer exclusion zone
In view of boosting interest and the upcoming UEFA EURO 2012 championship, Ukraine's Emergency Situations Ministry plans to open up the sealed zone around the Chornobyl reactor to visitors who wish to learn more about the tragedy that occurred a quarter of a century ago. The Emergency Situations Ministry says that experts are developing travel routes around the nuclear site that will be both medically safe and informative for Ukrainians as well as foreign visitors. In order to minimize the exposure to radiation, specialists strongly recommend not to exceed 24-hour stay in the 10km zone surrounding the plant as there are a lot of spots where the radiation level is 200-300 times higher than the safe one. Even in 25 years after the catastrophe the Chornobyl plant remains the symbol of nuke danger. The fourth reactor of the ChNPP exploded on April 26, 1986, spewing radiation over a vast part of the western Soviet Union and Europe. Hundreds of thousands of people were resettled from areas contaminated with radiation fallout in Ukraine, Belarus and Russia. Related health problems still persist. The accident is regarded as the largest of its kind in the history of nuclear power, as alleged by the number of casualties caused by its effects on both people and economic damage. The so-called exclusion zone, a highly contaminated area within a 30-kilometer radius of the exploded reactor, was evacuated and sealed off in the aftermath of the explosion. All visits were prohibited. However, some evacuees have returned to their villages in the area despite a government ban. Despite the accident, Ukraine continued to operate the remaining reactors at Chernobyl for many years. The last reactor at the site was closed down in 2000, 14 years after the catastrophe.

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